How to perform and install SMART test on the server

smartd is SMART Disk Monitoring Daemon for Linux. SMART is acronym for Self-Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) system built into many ATA-3 and later ATA, IDE and SCSI-3 hard drives. The purpose of SMART is to monitor the reliability of the hard drive and predict drive failures, and to carry out different types of drive self-tests.

smartd works with following operating systems:

Linux

*BSD

Solaris etc

How do I Install smartd?

However, smartd is not installed by default. Following are distribution specific steps to install smartd:

Debian Linux:

# apt-get install smartmontools

Red hat/Fedora Linux:

# rpm –ivh kernel-utils

OR

# up2date kernel-utils

OR if you are using Fedora Linux, CentOS

# yum kernel-utils

FreeBSD:

# pkg_add -r -v smartmontools

Before configuring hard disk for SMART monitoring make sure your hard disk is SMART capable:

# smartctl -i /dev/hda

Output:

smartctl version 5.34 [i686-pc-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-5 Bruce Allen

Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===

Device Model:     SAMSUNG SV2002H

Serial Number:    0395J1FR904324

Firmware Version: RA100-04

User Capacity:    20,060,651,520 bytes

Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]

ATA Version is:   6

ATA Standard is:  ATA/ATAPI-6 T13 1410D revision 1

Local Time is:    Tue May  2 15:44:09 2006 IST

SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.

SMART support is: Enabled

You can configure the smartd daemon by editing the file /etc/smartd.conf. 

In above output the lines:

SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.

SMART support is: Enabled

 

Indicates that it is SMART capable and it is enabled.

 

Configure SMARTD

 

Debian Linux

 

Enable smart by editing /etc/default/smartmontools file.

Smart Configuration file: /etc/smartd.conf

Start/Stop smart: /etc/init.d/smartmontools start | stop

Red Hat Linux

 

Enable smart by editing /etc/smartd.conf file.

Smart Configuration file: /etc/smartd.conf

Start/Stop smart: /etc/init.d/smartd start | stop

FreeBSD

 

Enable smart by editing /etc/rc.conf file (add line smartd_enable=”YES").

Smart Configuration file: /etc/smartd.conf

Start/Stop smart: /usr/local/etc/rc.d/smartd.sh start | stop

Example

 

You can put following directives in Smart Configuration file:

(a) Send an email to alert@example.com for /dev/sdb:

/dev/sdb -m alert@example.com

(b) Read error log:

# smartctl -l error /dev/hdb

(c) Testing hard disk (short or long test):

# smartctl -t short /dev/hdb

# smartctl -t long /dev/hdb

Caution smartd is a monitoring tool not a backup solution. Always perform data backup.

Was this answer helpful?

 Print this Article

Also Read

How to setup additional drive in XEN

name-label="xxxx" : the label of the new drive device=/dev/sdc : drive to add (after checking...